The Republic of Austria in south central Europe is the easternmost of all the western European nations. It is completely landlocked, now bordered by no fewer than eight different countries. Clockwise from the north, they are: Germany, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic, Hungary, Slovenia (part of the former Yugoslavia), Italy, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein. Austria has a total area of 32,400 square miles, making it slightly smaller than Scotland or South Carolina, and a population of about 7.5 million. The German name of the country is Oesterreich, which means “eastern realm” and was first documented in 996 AD. Its English name is still used internationally and the “A” on the back of cars comes from the Latin.